/ Road Safety

Make Sure You Look After Your Tyres, If You Don't They Won't Look After You

ROAD SAFETY AND breakdown organisation GEM Motoring Assist is urging motorists to make regular checks on tyres, to ensure tread depths are sufficient and pressures are correct.

In an extreme situation, correctly inflated tyres with good levels of tread will allow all the other safety systems on a car to work at their most effective.

Inadequate tread or incorrect pressure mean one thing: the safety systems on your vehicle will not work as efficiently. That’s why regular checks on tyre inflation and tread depth are so important.

GEM points out that there are economy benefits from properly inflated tyres, too. After all, incorrect inflation increases the chances of damage to a tyre, and under-inflated tyres create more resistance on the road, leading to an increase in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

GEM has assembled a selection of eight simple tyre care tips:

  • Check the tread on each tyre on a regular basis - every two weeks should be a minimum.

  • Remember that you should carry out proper checks across the entire width of a tyre and around its circumference.

  • Check the depth of the main tread grooves in several places across and around the tyre.

  • Use a simple gauge to check tread depth. The legal minimum tread depth for a car is 1.6 mm across the central three-quarters of the tread width and round its entire circumference.

  • Don’t wait until a tyre reaches the legal minimum before changing it. GEM recommends it’s time for a new tyre when the tread depth reaches 3mm.

  • You will also find tread wear indicators at regular intervals around the main grooves. When a tyre’s tread surface is worn to the same level as these indicators, then the tyre is at the legal limit and must be replaced.

  • Check for any cuts, tears, swellings and bumps. These could be caused by going through a pothole or hitting the kerb. If there’s anything to give you cause for concern, then get the tyre checked by an expert as soon as possible.

  • Check pressure using a tyre pressure gauge or the air machines found on most garage forecourts (some will charge you, a few are still free). Pressures for your car can normally be found in your owner's manual. You may also find the pressure marked on the driver’s door pillar or inside the fuel flap. Otherwise, look up the pressures you need using a tyre pressure website.

  • Recommended tyre pressures change if you are carrying a full load or a lot of passengers. So make sure you use the right figure for the journeys you are about to make.

  • Don’t forget to check the condition of the spare tyre. Too often it’s the forgotten tyre until you suddenly find you need it.